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不同耕作方式下水稻品种吉优716产量及氮素吸收利用对氮肥运筹的响应(PDF)

《广西植物》[ISSN:1000-3142/CN:45-1134/Q]

期数:
2013年01期
页码:
96
栏目:
植物生理与分子生物学
出版日期:
2013-01-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Response of yield,nitrogen uptake in Jiyou716 to nitrogen management under different tillage patterns
作者:
杨彩玲1 郑土英1 刘立龙1 赵荣德2 徐世宏3 江立庚1*
1.广西大学农学院, 南宁 530004; 2.桂林市农业科学研究所, 广西 桂林 541006; 3.广西农业技术推广总站, 南宁 530022
Author(s):
YANG CaiLing1 ZHENG TuYing1 LIU LiLong1 ZHAO RongDe2 XU ShiHong3 JIANG LiGeng1*
1.College of Agricultural, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004,China; 2.Guilin Agricultural Technology Institute, Guilin 541006, China; 3.Guangxi Agricultural Technology Extension General Station, Nanning 530022, China
关键词:
耕作方式 施氮量 施氮方式 氮素利用 产量 水稻
Keywords:
tillage pattern Nfertilizer Nfertilizer mode nitrogen utilization yieldrice
分类号:
Q945
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1000-3142.2013.01.017
文献标识码:
A
摘要:
研究在不同耕作方式和氮肥运筹模式下水稻产量形成及氮素吸收利用特点,为不同耕作方式下水稻氮肥的合理运筹提供理论依据。以吉优716为试验材料进行大〖JP2〗田试验,研究常耕与免耕2种耕作方式下3种施氮量(N0、N1、N2)和两种施氮方式(F1、F2)水稻产量及氮素吸收利用的变化。结果表明:免耕水稻和常耕水稻产量、干物质积累量和氮素积累利用对施氮水平运筹的响应基本一致,但对施氮方式运筹响应呈现不一致。随着施氮量的增加,水稻产量、干物质积累量和氮素积累量也随之升高,而干物质生产效率和氮肥农学利用率下降,穗部干物质比例随着施氮量的增加有减少的趋势;免〖JP〗耕和常耕下,重施穗肥有利于提高干物质积累量和氮素积累量;产量响应表现相反,免耕下重施穗肥有利于产量的提高,而常耕下重施基蘖肥有利于产量的提高。
Abstract:
Characteristics of rice yield formation and nitrogen uptake under different soil tillage patterns and nitrogen fertilizer management patterns were studied, which provided theoretical basis for rice rational fertilizer application under different tillage systems. With Jiyou716 as materials for field experiments,change of yield,nitrogen uptake in rice at three N rates(N0,N1,N2) and two fertilizering patterns(F1,F2) under notillage and conventional tillage were studied. The results indicated that response of yield and nitrogen uptake of rice to nitrogen amount were basically similar under notillage and conventional tillage,but inconsistent to nitrogen fertilizering pattern. With N rate increasing, the yield,dry matter accumulation and N accumulation of rice increased,and N production efficiency,dry matter harvest index and N agronomy efficiency decreased. Heavy earring fertilizer was better for N accumulation and dry matter accumulation increase under notillage and conventional tillage. But inconsistent response for grain yield. Heavy earring fertilizer was in favor of yield increase under notillage while heavy basic fertilizer and tillering fertilizer was better for yield increase under conventional tillage.

参考文献/References

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
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更新日期/Last Update: 2013-01-25